This article is going to be a step-by-step guide for people who are interested in starting a career in web development, or just picking up a skill in programming, or trying to make a switch between careers. You are all welcome to join.
The year is 2020 and everyone we know is trying to pick up a new skill. It is getting more and more difficult getting a job right after school. This has, therefore, forced people to gather up as much skill as they can to prepare them for the future.
However technical the tech industry seems to be, it still is the biggest industry and everyone wants to be a part of it.
Therefore, I have decided to provide you with a guide to help you not just start your web development career, but to help you master it.
Understanding Web Development
Web development simply means the work involved in developing a website. This means, building, maintaining, and hosting the website on the internet. Everything that happens behind the scene that makes a website work and beautiful.
Web development paves the way for all programming languages. This means that with knowledge in web development, you can easily shift to any other language you want.
Presently, web development is one of the highest paying jobs in the world, as well as, flexible. Most developers earn an average salary of 986,188 Naira annually according to
Understanding The Basic
To understand the basics of web development, you need to understand the meaning of some important terms in web development.
WEB PAGE: A web page is a combination of text, images, links, and videos that is part of a website.
HYPERLINK: Hyperlinks are used to link two or more web pages together. This simply means every link that directs you to another page on a website is called a hyperlink.
WEB BROWSER: Web browsers are software applications that you use to access everything on the Internet. Therefore, Google Chrome, Opera, Internet Explorer, and Firefox are all examples of web browsers.
SEARCH ENGINES: Search engines allow users to locate relevant websites on the internet using certain keywords. Similarly, examples of search engines include; Google, Bing, and Yahoo.
IP ADDRESS: An IP address is like the phone number of your laptop. It is the unique number that identifies every device to communicate with other devices in the IP network.
DOMAIN NAME: A domain name is an address that leads people to the home page of your website. No two websites have the same domain name. An example of a domain name is www.elitepath.org.
WEB HOSTING: Now, the only way you can get your website to go live (That is, to be accessible on the internet) is by hosting it on the internet. However, to do this, you will have to buy a domain name as, well as, pay for a hosting service.
FRONT END: Front end simply means the client side of a website. That is, the beautiful part we see on the web browser.
BACK END: Back end is, however, the side that only the developer or programmer can see. This is the part that deals with the functionalities and logic.
FULL STACK: This is a complete knowledge or combined knowledge of the front end (also called web design) and back end.
Picking a Text Editor
Codes are not just written directly into the internet or
Some common text editors include; Sublime text, Atom, Notepad++, and Vim
It is, however, advisable to use sublime text as a beginner.
Choosing The Languages
The languages are divided based on the front-end and back-end. It is important to understand the front-end before the back end. This is mostly because of the complexity of each language increases as you move higher.
Let us quickly dive in.
The HyperText Markup Language is the very foundation of web development. It is very easy to understand, hence, quick to learn. It is the HTML that loads in your browser and comes with tags that help you label your code. Therefore, making it easy to read.
The Cascading Style Sheet gives your HTML the beauty it needs. CSS adds color, font, animation, margin, images, e.t.c. to your website making it fancy.
PHP is the language that connects your website to a database. It is mainly used for storing information inputted on your website to a database.
Python is one of the most popular languages right now and one of the best choices for web development because of its easy syntax. It is, however, used mostly for data science and machine language.
FRAMEWORKS FOR A RESPONSIVE WEBSITE
Frameworks are a set of tools or resources that helps web developers to build and manage websites, web applications, and web services.
It is easier for web developers to make use of frameworks. This is because it makes their work easier and faster.
Here are some frameworks you can look at;
- Bootstrap (CSS)
- Aminate.css (CSS)
- Laravel (PHP)
- Django (Python)
Where To Learn
Luckily, we are in an era where we can learn everything from the comfort of our houses and for less. There are websites made specifically to teach us how to code. Some of these are free, while for others you will have to enroll and get the whole school experience including a degree or certificate.
Some websites where you can learn web development include;
As much as an online lecture sound easy, cheap, and flexible. You should underestimate the importance of face-to-face interaction. That way, you have an opportunity for someone to guide and direct you through every process. And whenever you feel stuck, you can always ask for help and get it immediately.
Wishing you the best as you start.